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Luyện từ vựng IELTS | Tourist attractions in Manham

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Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Tourist Attactions in Manham

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luyện từ vựng ielts | tourist attractions in Manham

bring to life: thổi hồn vào cuộc sống / tạo ra sự sống

copper mine: mỏ đồng

models of the machinery: mô hình máy móc

at first hand: một cách trực tiếp / từ trải nghiệm cá nhân

the highest navigable point: điểm điều hướng cao nhất

a handy place to load and unload cargo: một nơi thuận tiện để chất và dỡ hàng hóa

the Industrial Revolution: cuộc cách mạng công nghiệp

prospectors (n): các nhà thăm dò

lead (n): chì

copper (n): đồng

ores (n): quặng

smelt (v): nấu chảy

the smelting process: quá trình nấu chảy

huge factory furnaces: những lò nung khổng lồ

coal (n): than

emigrate (v): di cư

fall into disrepair: rơi vào tình trạng hư hỏng

become forgotten: bị lãng quên

programme of restoration: chương trình trùng tu

the greatest copper port in the country: cảng đồng lớn nhất trong nước

highlight: điểm nổi bật

mining trains: những chuyến tàu khai thác

into the depths of the mountain: vào sâu trong núi

pumping machines: máy bơm

rid (v): tống khứ

the village school: trường làng

sailing ketch: thuyền buồm

the ship’s wheel: bánh của con tàu

silt (n): bùn, phù sa

polish (v): đánh bóng

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Bài đọc

Tourist attractions in Manham

Welcome to Manham Port, where a thousand years of history are brought to life. All the family can enjoy a day out at Manham: visit our copper mine, see models of the machinery it used, have your photo taken in nineteenth-century costume, experience at first hand how people lived at different stages throughout history, and especially how children studied, worked and played.

The port of Manham is located in beautiful and peaceful countryside, on a bend in the great River Avon, and developed here because it’s the highest navigable point of the Avon – boats can go no higher up this river – and proved a handy place to load and unload cargo to and from the sea, which is over 23 miles away.

A small port was already established here when, about 900 years ago, tin was discovered nearby, though it wasn’t until the Industrial Revolution, when a tremendous need for metals of all kinds developed, that Manham expanded to become one of the busiest ports in the country.

And because it was already so busy, prospectors began to look for other minerals, and by the end of the nineteenth century, lead, copper, manganese and arsenic were added to the cargos leaving Manham.

In the early days, the ores had been smelted – or processed – in the same area they were mined. But, as demand grew, the smelting process required huge factory furnaces or fires to melt the metal from the rock and there was not enough coal in the local area, so the rocks containing minerals had to be shipped Iona distances.

Sadly, in the twentieth century, the great port of Manham declined, and thousands of workers were forced to emigrate out of the area.

The building at the port fell into disrepair, and the place became almost forgotten. But then, the Manham Trust was formed to conserve the historical resources of the area. It organised scores of local volunteers to remove undergrowth to find the original outlines of the installations. It then brought in paid professionals to match installations with maps of the original port complex and to set about reconstructing it.

Today you can see the results of this ambitious programme of restoration.

The intention, and we believe this will be realised before the end of the year, is to return Manham Port to the condition it reached at its peak as ‘the greatest copper port in the country’.

But what can you do and see on your visit today? Here are just a few highlights. We suggest you start with the visit to the copper mine. Travel on converted mining trains and journey into the depths of the mountain along seams once worked by hundreds of miners.

Watch out especially for the great pumping machines which rid the mine of water. But please be warned that, like all mines, ours is very dark and closed in and we do sav that children under five and also dogs should NOT be taken into the mine.

The next recommended visit is to the village school. While looking round the classrooms, take a special look at our display of games, which is one of the largest in the world.

And it’s recommended that you time your visit to coincide with a guided tour.

This will give you the opportunity to ask lots of questions. Near the school is the beautiful old sailing ketch called ‘The George’. You are welcome to board the boat and look round the cabins. Look out for the ship’s wheel which was missing until only five years ago when it was dredged out of the silt by a local fisherman. We have no idea how it got there but it’s been polished and proudly restored to its original place on the boat. Please take care going down the ladders if you wish to visit the lower deck – we don’t recommend you allow young children to use them.

So we hope you have a memorable visit to Manham Port and will tell your friends all about us.

Luyện từ vựng IELTS | Tourist attractions in Manham

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