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Các Phrasal Verb thường gặp nhất trong tiếng Anh

Trong bài viết này, Efis English sẽ tổng hợp cho bạn các phrasal verb thường gặp và được sử dụng nhiều nhất trong tiếng anh.

phrasal verb

Phrasal verb là gì?

Trước khi tìm hiểu các Phrasal verb thường gặp, thì bạn có biết phrasal là gi? Nó là cụm động từ, có công thức cấu tạo như sau:

ĐỘNG TỪ + TIỂU TỪ (giới từ hoặc trạng từ)

Với một động từ có sẵn, chỉ cần thêm một giới từ hoặc trạng từ ở phía sau thì phrasal verb được tạo thành sẽ có nghĩa hoàn toàn khác.

Cách dùng

Cũng giống như động từ thường, phrasal verb có thể đóng hai vai trò: nội động từ và ngoại động từ.

Nội động từ: không có tân ngữ theo sau

Ví dụ: My car broke down yesterday. Broke down (đã bị hư) là nội động từ nên không có tân ngữ theo sau.

Ngoại động từ: có tân ngữ theo sau, tuy nhiên tân ngữ có thể nằm ở nhiều vị trí khác nhau

Trường hợp 1: tân ngữ nằm giữa động từ và tiểu từ hoặc nằm sau tiểu từ

He took off his hat and sat down./He took his hat off and sat down. (Anh ấy đã cởi mũ ra và ngồi xuống.)

Trường hợp 2: tân ngữ là đại từ thì bắt buộc phải nằm giữa động từ và tiểu từ

He realised he was wearing a hat indoors, so he took it off. (Anh ấy nhận ra mình đang đội mũ trong nhà, vì vậy anh ấy cởi nó ra.)

Lưu ý: một số phrasal verbs có thể là nội động từ hoặc ngoại động từ với các ý nghĩa khác nhau tùy thuộc vào ngữ cảnh sử dụng.

The plane took off at 6:00 am. (Máy bay đã cất cánh vào lúc 6 giờ sáng.)

He took his shoes off and went into the house. (Anh ấy đã cởi giày và đi vào nhà.)

YouTube video

 

Các Phrasal Verb thường gặp

 

 

Phrasal verbMeaningVí dụ
ask somebody outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equalYour purchases add up to $205.32
back something upreverseYou’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back somebody upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something downdivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo
break into somethingenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something inwear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out in somethingdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring somebody downmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring somebody upraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something upstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call somebody backreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on somebodyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on somebodyvisit somebodyWe called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call somebody upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for somebody/ somethingnot like (formal)I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as somebody elseYou’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM
check somebody/ something outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check out somebody/ somethinglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer somebody upmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across somethingfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with somethingbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come from some placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count on somebody/ somethingrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
ask somebody outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equalYour purchases add up to $205.32
back something upreverseYou’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back somebody upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something downdivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo
break into somethingenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something inwear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out in somethingdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring somebody downmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring somebody upraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something upstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call somebody backreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on somebodyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on somebodyvisit somebodyWe called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call somebody upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for somebody/ somethingnot like (formal)I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as somebody elseYou’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM
check somebody/ something outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check out somebody/ somethinglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer somebody upmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across somethingfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with somethingbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come from some placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count on somebody/ somethingrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
ask somebody outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something equalYour purchases add up to $205.32
back something upreverseYou’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back somebody upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something downdivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo
break into somethingenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something inwear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out in somethingdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring somebody downmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring somebody upraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something upstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call somebody backreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on somebodyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on somebodyvisit somebodyWe called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call somebody upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for somebody/ somethingnot like (formal)I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as somebody elseYou’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM
check somebody/ something outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check out somebody/ somethinglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer somebody upmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across somethingfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with somethingbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come from some placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count on somebody/ somethingrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something outdraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on somethingconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something downmake something fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut ininterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle
cut inpull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut instart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something offremove with something sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something offstop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut somebody offtake out of a willMy grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something outremove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do somebody/ something overbeat up, ransack (BrE, informal)He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something overdo again (AmE)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn’t like my topic.
do away with somethingdiscardIt’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something upfasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress upwear nice clothingIt’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backmove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ overcome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop somebody/ something offtake somebody/ something somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outquit a class, school etcdropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outeat at a restaurantI don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end upeventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartbreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downfall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure something outunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something into write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something outto write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something upfill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find outdiscoverWe don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something outdiscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get something across/ overcommunicate, make understandableI tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/onlike each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get aroundhave mobilityMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get awaygo on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with somethingdo without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
get backreturnWe got back from our vacation last week.
get something backreceive something you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back at somebodyretaliate, take revengeMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into somethingbecome interested in something againI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on somethingstep onto a vehicleWe’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over somethingrecover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over somethingovercome a problemThe company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.
get round to somethingfinally find time to do (AmE: get around to something)I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togethermeet (usually for social reasons)Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get upget out of bedgot up early today to study for my exam.
give somebody awayreveal hidden information about somebodyHis wife gave him away to the police.
give somebody awaytake the bride to the altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give something awayruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something awaygive something to somebody for freeThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
give something backreturn a borrowed itemI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.

Các phrasal verb thường gặp

 

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